Report presents data on the crypto market movements over 2018, with special focus given to the analysis of trends of September 2018, notably September 16-23, 2018.

Information as of September 24, 2018

This report was created by:

  • Professor Dmitrii Kornilov, Doctor of Economics, Member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, and Leading Analyst at ICOBox;
  • Dima Zaitsev, PhD in Economics, Head of International Public Relations and Business Analytics Department Chief at ICOBox;
  • Nick Evdokimov, Co-Founder of ICOBox;
  • Anar Babaev, Co-Founder of ICOBox;
  • Daria Generalova, Co-Founder of ICOBox

This report presents data on cryptocurrency market changes during 2018. Special emphasis has been placed on an analysis of the changes that have taken place during September 2018, including over the past week (September 16-23, 2018).

1. General cryptocurrency and digital assets market analysis. Market trends

1.1 General cryptocurrency and digital assets market analysis

Table 1.1. Trends in capitalization of the cryptocurrency market and main cryptocurrencies from July 1, 2018 to September 23, 2018*

Parameter1-July-181-Aug-18MoM, %1-Sep-18MoM, %2-Sep-18DoD, %9-Sep-18DoD, %16-Sep-18DoD, %23-Sep-18DoD, %
1Total market capitalization, USD billion257.7277.87.8%228.5-17.7% 236.83.6%193.2-18.4% 203.45.3%224.410.3%
2Altcoin market capitalization, USD billion147.9144.3-2.4%107.0-25.8%112.85.4%85.8-23.9%90.55.5%108.419.8%
Altcoin dominance, %57.4%51.9%46.8%47.6%44.4%44.5%48.3%
3Bitcoin price, $6 411.77 769.021.2%7 044.8-9.3% 7 189.62.1%6 223.4-13.4% 6 536.75.0%6 715.32.7%
Bitcoin market capitalization, USD billion109.8133.521.6%121.5-9.0%124.02.1%107.4-13.4%112.95.1%1162.8%
Bitcoin dominance, %42.6%48.1%53.2%52.4%55.6%55.5%51.7%
4Ethereum price, $455.2433.9-4.7% 283.5-34.7% 295.54.2%198.4-32.9% 222.812.3%241.08.2%
Ethereum market capitalization, USD billion45.743.8-4.1%28.8-34.2%30.04.2%20.2-32.8%22.712.5%24.68.3%
Ethereum dominance, %17.7%15.8%12.6%12.7%10.5%11.2%11.0%
5Bitcoin Cash price, $749.2780.04.1%544.0-30.3% 616.013.2%474.6-23.0% 448.5-5.5% 487.78.7%
Bitcoin Cash market capitalization, USD billion12.913.54.4%9.4-30.0%10.713.3%8.2-22.9%7.8-5.4%8.58.8%
Bitcoin Cash dominance, %5.0%4.8%4.1%4.5%4.3%3.8%3.8%
6Litecoin price, $81.580.4-1.4% 61.7-23.2% 66.06.9%53.3-19.3% 56.66.2%60.67.0%
Litecoin market capitalization, USD billion4.74.6-0.6%3.6-22.6%3.86.9%3.1-19.1%3.36.4%3.57.2%
Litecoin dominance, %1.8%1.7%1.6%1.6%1.6%1.6%1.6%
7Volume (24h) 4 crypto, USD billion7.17.55.4%6.4-14.6%6.50.8%5.7-11.6%5.3-8.1%7.339.4%
Market cap 4 crypto, USD billion186.7207.911.4%173.0-16.8%178.53.2%146.9-17.7%154.65.3%172.011.3%
ZAK-4 Crypto index**3.8%3.6%3.7%3.6%3.9%3.4%4.3%
4 crypto dominance, %72.4%74.8%75.7%75.4%76.0%76.0%76.7%
8Volume (24h) 8 crypto, USD billion8.28.75.2%7.6-12.4%7.71.9%6.7-13.5%6.1-9.5%8.844.9%
Market cap 8 crypto, USD billion205.9228.210.8%189.2-17.1%195.43.3%160.0-18.1%168.55.4%187.611.3%
ZAK-8 Crypto index***4.0%3.8%4.0%4.0%4.2%3.6%4.7%
8 crypto dominance, %79.9%82.1%82.8%82.5%82.8%82.9%83.6%

* Data as of September 23, 2018 (all figures calculated at 03:00 UTC)
** Since December 1, 2017, the ZAK-4 index has been calculated using the cryptocurrencies Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple, and Bitcoin Cash
*** When calculating the ZAK-8 index, the cryptocurrencies with the largest capitalization (not including Tether) are used. At present (September 23, 2018), the cryptocurrencies Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple, Bitcoin Cash, Litecoin, Stellar, EOS, and Cardano are used to calculate the ZAK-8 index.
**** This report uses the data of ICOBox, ICOBox Blockchain Research Center (IBRC), and coinmarketcap.com
When analyzing cryptocurrency market trends, the period from September 16-23, 2018, is used, while the calendar week from September 17-23, 2018, is used for the news overview and the analysis of the ICO market.

Cryptocurrency market capitalization increased over the analyzed period (September 16-23, 2018), and as of 03:00 UTC equaled $224.4 billion (see Table 1.1). In this regard, bitcoin dominance fell from 55.5% to 51.7%. Lately this correspondence has been characteristic: bitcoin dominance increases during a prolonged fall in capitalization, and during a market recovery and a growth in capitalization the opposite occurs. The market dominance of the four and eight largest cryptocurrencies as of 03:00 UTC on September 23, 2018, equaled 76.7% and 83.6%, respectively (see Table 1.1).

The drop in cryptocurrency market capitalization compared to the start of the month equaled around $4.1 billion, including a drop in bitcoin capitalization by $5.5 billion, while altcoin dominance, on the contrary, increased by $1.4 billion. This shows once again that altcoins are much more volatile and sensitive to changes in the mood of the cryptocurrency market. During periods of market growth, their price and capitalization generally increase faster, and during market downswings they lose value quicker.

During the period from September 16-23, 2018, cryptocurrency market capitalization fluctuated from $191.6 billion (min) to $227.5 billion (max) (Fig. 1a), i.e. within a range of $36.1 billion. For its part, bitcoin capitalization fluctuated from $107 billion (min) to $117.7 billion (max), i.e. within a range of $10.2 billion.

Figure 1a. Cryptocurrency market capitalization since September 16, 2018

Data source: coinmarketcap.com

Figure 1b shows the change in bitcoin capitalization over the week.

Figure 1b. Bitcoin price since September 16, 2018

Data source: coinmarketcap.com

The factors that influenced the sharp fluctuations in cryptocurrency market capitalization and the bitcoin price on September 18-20 are:

On September 18 a message appeared in the Twitter account of the Bitcoin Core Project on the update of Bitcoin Core (version 0.16.3), which eliminated a critical vulnerability for the bitcoin network. The bug was first found in the version Bitcoin Core 0.14.0 in November 2016 and could have disrupted the work of nearly 90% of nodes, with miners only needing 12.5 BTC to carry out an attack.

On September 19 the developer of the LBRY platform took to Twitter to announce the hack of the Japanese Zaif exchange and the theft of 5,966 BTC (USD 37 million) from a hot wallet (the theft happened five days ago, but, according to the developer, it took the exchange four days to discover the hack). BCH and MONA were also stolen. The total damage is estimated at $60 million. Cryptocurrency market capitalization dropped, with the bitcoin price plunging to $6,226, before then quickly climbing back to $6,446. This growth may have been caused by the purchase on the BitMEX 5 exchange of five million futures contracts at $6,469.20.

On September 20 the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) published information on the start of public consideration of the bitcoin ETF applications of the New York-based companies VanEck and SolidX, which will result in a decision either to approve or disapprove them. Right now one can find numerous comments from individuals and legal entities on the SEC’s website.

On September 21 the bitcoin price increased by approximately $400 over the course of the day, from $6,400 to $6,800, and the 24-hour trading volume (Volume 24h) of the entire cryptocurrency market doubled from $11.3 billion to $21.2 billion, including on the back of Ripple, the price of which jumped from $0.4 to $0.69, i.e. by more than 70%, during the day.

This revitalization of the cryptocurrency market can be tied to three events:

  • first the market received the news (which appeared in the media mainly on September 21) that the SEC had required more information to take a decision on bitcoin ETFs as good news, but later in the week many gradually began to perceive this as the drawing out of the examination process, meaning that the new instrument will almost certainly not appear on the market by the end of the year;
  • on September 21 the cryptocurrency Ripple, buoyed by numerous positive news items and events, surpassed Ethereum for a short time and took over second place among cryptocurrencies by capitalization according to the data of coinmarketcap:
  • Ripple is preparing the full-scale launch of xRapid based on XRP.
  • The American banking giant PNC has joined the growing number of financial institutions using blockchain-based payment products of the Ripple startup.
  • CCN announced that the Japanese financial services group SBI Holdings is planning to introduce the MoneyTap payment app for clients on Android and iOS, using blockchain technology from Ripple.
  • Before September 10 a message appeared on the BUSINESS WIRE website that the R3 blockchain consortium had withdrawn its court claims, and at the start of the month the British project TransferGo had started to use Ripple to perform money transfers in real time with banking partners in India.

As a result, the Ripple price grew by more than 100% over the week.

  • The Dow Jones industrial average increased on September 21, reaching an all-time high for the second day in a row.

The rise and fall of cryptocurrency prices over the past seven days (September 16-23, 2018)

Last week’s leaders from among the top 500 cryptocurrencies by capitalization that showed the growth of more than 100% were the projects Carebit (+3,730.83%), Vezt (+248.12%), Electroneum (+148.19%), XRP (+107.76%), and Crown (+105.34%). However, it should be noted that the sharp increase in the price of Carebit and Vezt took place at low trading volumes. The growth of NavCoin (+87.43%) and VIBE (+87.15%) should also be noted. This is the second week that VIBE has been among the growth leaders from among the top 500, despite the strong volatility of its price (VIBE’s growth during the week from September 9-16 equaled +105.55%). The main favorable news for the VIBE price this week was the news on the launch of the project’s main network on September 23.

During the period from September 16-23, 2018, the change in the prices of cryptocurrencies in the top 500 ranged from -55.85% (BitcoinDark) to +3,730.83% (Carebit). The Carebit token is only traded on three small cryptoexchanges, and has a very small 24-hour trading volume, possibly because the project was abandoned by its developers (with no new messages appearing on its official Twitter account since May). Due to this fact, it is very easy to influence the price of this token, and all changes in the price are speculative in nature. For example, we see an abrupt drop in the price by the end of the day on September 23, after a growth of more than 3,000% a day earlier.

Like Carebit, BitcoinDark was abandoned by its developers. The creators of BitcoinDark are currently working on the Komodo (KMD) project. Holders of BitcoinDark were given the right to exchange the tokens for KMD until mid-January 2018. However, there are still currently 1,288.862 BTCD in circulation. The trading volume of BitcoinDark is not large, and only take place on the Poloniex exchange, and therefore this token is susceptible to the actions of profiteers.

The price of 357 cryptocurrencies and digital assets from the top 500 showed growth, including 83 from the top 100.

Over the past week the number of cryptocurrencies with a capitalization of more than $1 billion increased from 15 to 17 (having been joined by Binance Coin and Tezos), with the price of all of them increasing except Tether (the price of which is tied to the US dollar).

The coins and tokens from the top 100 that demonstrated the largest price growth are given in Fig. 2.

Biggest gainers and losers over the week (September 16-23, 2018)

The prices of some cryptocurrencies may fluctuate from -50% to +50% over the course of a single day. Therefore, when analyzing cryptocurrency price trends, it is advisable to use their average daily amounts on various cryptoexchanges.

Below we consider the 10 cryptocurrencies that demonstrated the most significant change in price over the past week (Fig. 2-3). In this regard, only those coins and tokens included in the top 100 (Fig. 2, Fig. 3) by market capitalization were considered.

Figure 2. Largest growth in prices over the past week

This report uses the data of ICOBox, ICOBox Blockchain Research Center (IBRC), and coinmarketcap.com
The change in price was calculated based on average daily data

Tables 1.2 and 1.3 show the possible factors or events that might have influenced the fluctuation in prices for certain cryptocurrencies. Table 1.4 shows the possible factors or events that might have influenced the cryptocurrency market in general.

Table 1.2. Factors or events that might have led to a growth in cryptocurrency prices over the past week

Coins and tokensSymbolPrice growth over the week, %Average price in $ on September 23, 2018Market capitalization, USD billionFactors or events that might have led to a growth in cryptocurrency prices over the past week
1ElectroneumETN148.19%$0.0136010.11One of the main news items for the Electroneum cryptocurrency this week was the launch of an instant payment platform that makes it possible to perform transactions in a matter of seconds.

Ripple was the center of the most attention this week, and even managed to overtake the second largest cryptocurrency by capitalization, Ethereum, for a short time. The best news for XRP was the information on the possible forthcoming launch of the XRapid system, as well as the news on the new partnership with the major bank PNC. The effect of these announcements was reinforced by another previous positive piece of news on the settlement of legal proceedings between Ripple and R3.

MonaCoin also showed a higher-than-average weekly growth, but it is difficult to tie it to any specific event, since this cryptocurrency does not even have a Twitter account. One can assume that its growth was the result of market speculation. You will recall that Monacoin is a decentralized cryptocurrency with an open source code that was created in 2014 as a result of is a hard fork of the Litecoin cryptocurrency.

Stellar represents a kind of decentralized cryptocurrency exchange where you can buy and sell any currency. This platform has its own internal monetary unit, Stellar Lumens (XLM), and a built-in “accounting book” in which all transactions and balances are written.

The Power Ledger (POWR) cryptocurrency is a platform where anyone who wishes can buy or sell electricity.

Cardano (ADA) is a peer-to-peer decentralized platform for developing various blockchain apps using smart contracts that has its own coin, ADA.

The ChainLink cryptocurrency is a digital token of the platform of the same name, the goal of which is to use smart contract technology in the existing financial system.

Emercoin (EMC) is a fully decentralized cryptocurrency that uses two methods of protection: Proof of Work and Proof of Stake.

Steem (STEEM) is a social network and platform based on blockchain technology in which each participant can receive rewards.

FunFair is a peer-to-peer decentralized platform based on Ethereum blockchain that makes it possible to create an online casino in just a few clicks.

 

2XRPXRP107.76%$0.57969923.08
3MonaCoinMONA43.90%$1.370.09
4StellarXLM33.10%$0.2686165.05
5Power LedgerPOWR31.72%$0.1835670.07
6CardanoADA29.76%$0.0883472.29
7ChainlinkLINK26.71%$0.3385130.12
8EmercoinEMC24.08%$1.340.06
9SteemSTEEM23.09%$0.8894980.25
10FunFairFUN22.66%$0.0175060.09

 

A depreciation in price was seen last week for 143 coins and tokens from the top 500 cryptocurrencies and digital assets by capitalization. The ten crypto assets from the top 100 that experienced the most noticeable drops in price are shown in Fig. 3 and Table 1.3.

Figure 3. Largest fall in prices over the past week

Table 1.3. Factors or events that might have led to a fall in cryptocurrency prices over the past week

Coins and tokensSymbolFall in price over the week, %Average price in $ on September 23, 2018Market capitalization, USD billionFactors or events that might have led to a fall in cryptocurrency prices over the past week
1MixinXIN-18.58%$139.910.06Mixin is a messenger that can be used to transfer all cryptocurrencies with the help of end-to-end encryption, offering the easiest gateway to the world of blockchain.

Elastos (ELA) is a digital token of the peer-to-peer network of the same name, which is designed to create a “new version of the internet” inside of which decentralized cryptocurrencies will interact.

Populous (PPT) is a trading platform built on Ethereum blockchain that makes it possible to create invoices, something that no business can do without.

Dogecoin is a cryptocurrency created by the American programmer Billy Markus in December 2013. The fall in this cryptocurrency can be attributed to the transition to a phase of downward adjustment after its recent headlong growth.

Dropil (DROP) is a token used inside a cryptocurrency investment platform. The essence of the project is autonomous financing of cryptocurrencies with minimal risks.

ReddCoin is a cryptocurrency based on Litecoin blockchain for social networks that will be installed in all social networks through seamless integration.

Nano (NANO) is a decentralized site that only provides users with monetary services.

Waves is a platform created in 2016, the main purpose of which is to create a business ecosystem. Using this platform, anyone who wishes can create their own project and start the procedure of collecting funds (ICO) with just a few clicks.

VeChain is the very volatile digital token of the eponymous blockchain-based VeChain platform, which is a global site for data conversion.

Zcoin (ZCX) is a decentralized digital currency founded on bitcoin blockchain. Zcoin allows users to choose whether transactions will be open or anonymous.

2ElastosELA-10.88%$7.120.05
3PopulousPPT-8.76% $3.190.12
4DogecoinDOGE-7.63%$0.0057660.67
5DropilDROP-5.70%$0.0039410.09
6ReddCoinRDD-5.17%$0.0033670.10
7NanoNANO-3.91%$2.390.32
8WavesWAVES-3.69%$2.160.22
9VeChainVET-2.39%$0.0138140.77
10ZcoinXZC-1.96% $9.540.05

This report uses the data of ICOBox, ICOBox Blockchain Research Center (IBRC), and coinmarketcap.com
The change in price was calculated based on average daily data

Table 1.4 shows events that took place from September 17-23, 2018, that had an impact on both the prices of the dominant cryptocurrencies and the market in general, with an indication of their nature and type of impact.

Table 1.4. Key events of the week having an influence on cryptocurrency prices, September 17-23, 2018

Factors and events

(link to source)

Date of newsDescriptionNature of impactType of impact
1.                    Ripple Technology Will Soon Be Implemented in the Biggest Bank of Saudi Arabia

[source: thecoinshark.net]

September 17, 2018The blockchain startup is actively developing cross-border transfers. The company has already concluded transactions with major financial institutions, including Santander, American Express, MoneyGram, and Western Union.XRP ⇑Favorable
2.                    Taiwan Pursues Favorable Crypto and Blockchain Regulation, Next Major Market?

[source: newsbtc.com]

September 18, 2018The authorities of the Asia Pacific nation have recognized the potential of blockchain technology and digital currencies and now intend to draft “friendly crypto regulations,” thereby creating comfortable conditions for digital currency market participants.Market ⇑Favorable
3.                    Enough Feeble Warnings, Regulate Wild West Crypto Market: UK Lawmakers

[source: ccn.com]

September 19, 2018British officials are afraid of price volatility, the threat of hacker attacks, and money laundering.MarketUncertain
4.                    Oil Giants and Major Banks Collaborate on Ethereum Blockchain Commodity Trading Platform

[source: ethnews.com]

September 19, 2018The project start is scheduled for the end of the year. In the early stages, site participants can perform purchase and sale transactions and transactions on the transportation of oil through the North Sea, for example.ETH ⇑Favorable
5.                    SEC Wants More Public Input on the CBOE Bitcoin ETF Proposal

[source: Coinspeaker]

September 21, 2018The Commission is supposed to approve, disapprove, or institute proceedings on the issue of bitcoin ETFs by September 30. The SEC has chosen the last option, meaning that the new instrument will almost certainly not appear on the market before the end of the year.Market ⇓Unfavorable
6.                    $10,000 Target: Novogratz Sees Bitcoin Jumping 30% in 2018

[source: ccn.com]

September 22, 2018The billionaire investor is convinced that bitcoin will reach $10,000 by the end of the year.Market ⇑Favorable

 

To analyze trading activity on cryptocurrency exchanges, the ZAK-n Crypto index is calculated (see the Glossary). The values of the ZAK-4 Crypto and ZAK-8 Crypto indices are presented in Tables 1.1, 1.5.a, and 1.5.b. In September the 24-hour trading volumes (Volume 24h) for the four dominant cryptocurrencies (Bitcoin, Ethereum, Bitcoin Cash, Ripple) equaled from $5.3 billion to $14.1 billion (Table 1.5.a). The value of the daily ZAK-4 Crypto ranged from 3.4% to 8.7% of capitalization. The highest trading volume was seen on September 21. The main reason for this activity was Ripple, the 24-hour trading volume of which increased sharply from $0.2 to $4.1 billion.

Table 1.5.a. Daily ZAK-4 Crypto index calculation (from September 1-23, 2018)

CryptoBitcoin (BTC)Ethereum (ETH)Bitcoin Cash (BCH)Ripple (XRP)4 Crypto
 Price Open Volume (24h)*Market capPrice Open Volume (24h)*Market capPrice OpenVolume (24h)*Market capPrice OpenVolume (24h)*Market capVolume (24h) 4 crypto*Market cap 4 cryptoZAK-4 Crypto index
Date**$USD billionUSD billion$USD billionUSD billion$USD billionUSD billion$USD billionUSD billionUSD billionUSD billion%
Sep 23, 20186 715 4.2 116.1 241 1.7 24.6 488 0.4 8.5 0.581.0 22.9 7.3 172.0 4.3%
Sep 22, 20186 735 4.5 116.4 247 1.9 25.3 500 0.4 8.7 0.572.4 22.5 9.3 172.8 5.4%
Sep 21, 20186 514 6.5 112.6 225 2.8 23.0 458 0.6 7.9 0.454.1 18.0 14.1 161.5 8.7%
Sep 20, 20186 399 4.3 110.6 210 1.8 21.5 430 0.4 7.5 0.331.3 13.0 7.8 152.5 5.1%
Sep 19, 20186 372 4.4 110.1 209 1.7 21.4 433 0.3 7.5 0.320.5 12.8 7.0 151.7 4.6%
Sep 18, 20186 281 4.2 108.5 197 1.8 20.1 419 0.3 7.3 0.270.6 10.8 6.9 146.7 4.7%
Sep 17, 20186 514 3.9 112.5 222 2.0 22.6 450 0.4 7.8 0.280.2 11.2 6.5 154.1 4.2%
Sep 16, 20186 537 3.3 112.9 223 1.5 22.7 449 0.3 7.8 0.280.2 11.2 5.3 154.6 3.4%
Sep 15, 20186 509 3.2 112.4 210 1.7 21.4 448 0.3 7.8 0.280.2 11.0 5.4 152.6 3.5%
Sep 14, 20186 515 4.1 112.5 213 2.2 21.7 467 0.3 8.1 0.280.3 11.2 6.9 153.4 4.5%
Sep 13, 20186 354 4.2 109.7 184 2.3 18.7 434 0.4 7.5 0.270.3 10.8 7.2 146.7 4.9%
Sep 12, 20186 317 4.1 109.0 185 1.9 18.9 441 0.3 7.6 0.260.3 10.5 6.6 146.0 4.5%
Sep 11, 20186 332 3.8 109.3 198 1.6 20.2 468 0.4 8.1 0.270.2 10.7 6.0 148.3 4.0%
Sep 10, 20186 302 3.7 108.8 198 1.5 20.2 484 0.3 8.4 0.280.2 11.1 5.7 148.4 3.9%
Sep 9, 20186 223 3.7 107.4 198 1.6 20.2 475 0.3 8.2 0.280.2 11.0 5.7 146.9 3.9%
Sep 8, 20186 460 3.8 111.5 218 1.5 22.2 502 0.3 8.7 0.290.2 11.5 5.8 153.9 3.8%
Sep 7, 20186 529 4.3 112.6 230 1.7 23.4 519 0.4 9.0 0.300.2 12.0 6.5 157.0 4.2%
Sep 6, 20186 755 5.5 116.5 232 2.1 23.6 530 0.4 9.2 0.280.3 11.2 8.4 160.5 5.2%
Sep 5, 20187 361 5.8 127.0 286 2.4 29.1 626 0.5 10.9 0.330.3 13.1 9.1 180.1 5.0%
Sep 4, 20187 263 4.3 125.3 289 1.6 29.4 627 0.4 10.9 0.340.2 13.3 6.5 178.9 3.6%
Sep 3, 20187 279 4.1 125.5 295 1.4 30.0 648 0.4 11.2 0.340.2 13.6 6.1 180.4 3.4%
Sep 2, 20187 190 4.3 124.0 295 1.3 30.0 616 0.6 10.7 0.350.2 13.8 6.5 178.5 3.6%
Sep 1, 20187 045 4.1 121.5 284 1.5 28.8 544 0.5 9.4 0.340.3 13.3 6.4 173.0 3.7%

* Adjusted Volume – Volume from spot markets excluding markets with no fees and transaction mining
** All figures given as of 03:00 UTC of the corresponding day
*** This report uses the data of ICOBox, ICOBox Blockchain Research Center (IBRC), and coinmarketcap.com

By the end of last week the 24-hour trading volumes (Volume 24h) for the eight dominant cryptocurrencies not including Tether (Bitcoin, Ethereum, Bitcoin Cash, Ripple, Litecoin, Stellar, EOS, and Cardano) equaled $8.8 billion (Table 1.5.b), or 4.7% of their market capitalization. The ZAK-4 Crypto and ZAK-8 Crypto indices are considered in more detail in Tables 1.5.a and 1.5.b.

Table 1.5.b. Daily ZAK-8 Crypto index calculation (continuation of Table 1.5.а)

CryptoStellar (XLM)Cardano (ADA)EOS (EOS)Litecoin (LTC)8 Crypto
 Price Open Volume (24h)*Market capPrice Open Volume (24h)*Market capPrice OpenVolume (24h)*Market capPrice OpenVolume (24h)*Market capVolume (24h) 8 crypto*Market cap 8 cryptoZAK-8 Crypto index
Date**$USD billionUSD billion$USD billionUSD billion$USD billionUSD billion$USD billionUSD billionUSD billionUSD billion%
Sep 23, 20180.240.32 4.5 0.0830.152.2 6.00.695.4 610.303.5 8.8 187.6 4.7%
Sep 22, 20180.250.08 4.7 0.0880.082.3 6.20.675.6 610.303.6 10.4 188.9 5.5%
Sep 21, 20180.230.18 4.4 0.0820.212.1 5.81.095.2 570.403.3 15.9 176.5 9.0%
Sep 20, 20180.210.09 3.9 0.0720.101.9 5.30.704.8 540.263.2 8.9 166.2 5.4%
Sep 19, 20180.210.05 3.9 0.0690.101.8 5.10.624.6 540.273.2 8.0 165.1 4.9%
Sep 18, 20180.200.06 3.7 0.0640.071.6 4.90.664.4 520.303.1 8.0 159.5 5.0%
Sep 17, 20180.210.04 3.9 0.0700.051.8 5.40.704.9 570.263.3 7.6 168.1 4.5%
Sep 16, 20180.200.04 3.8 0.0690.031.8 5.40.484.9 570.253.3 6.1 168.4 3.6%
Sep 15, 20180.200.04 3.8 0.0680.031.8 5.30.514.8 560.253.3 6.2 166.2 3.7%
Sep 14, 20180.210.05 3.9 0.0700.061.8 5.40.614.9 550.343.2 7.9 167.3 4.8%
Sep 13, 20180.200.07 3.7 0.0670.091.7 5.00.724.5 520.303.0 8.4 159.7 5.3%
Sep 12, 20180.200.08 3.8 0.0710.091.8 5.00.714.5 520.293.1 7.7 159.2 4.9%
Sep 11, 20180.190.08 3.6 0.0740.051.9 5.10.584.6 550.273.2 7.0 161.6 4.3%
Sep 10, 20180.190.05 3.6 0.0770.042.0 5.00.544.5 550.253.2 6.6 161.7 4.1%
Sep 9, 20180.190.05 3.6 0.0780.052.0 4.80.624.3 530.253.1 6.7 160.0 4.2%
Sep 8, 20180.210.05 3.9 0.0840.042.2 5.10.534.6 560.223.3 6.7 167.9 4.0%
Sep 7, 20180.210.06 3.9 0.0890.042.3 5.20.654.7 570.233.3 7.5 171.2 4.4%
Sep 6, 20180.210.07 3.9 0.0880.072.3 5.20.844.7 580.353.4 9.7 174.8 5.6%
Sep 5, 20180.230.07 4.4 0.1050.102.7 6.51.015.9 680.413.9 10.6 197.0 5.4%
Sep 4, 20180.220.05 4.2 0.1030.052.7 6.50.775.9 650.313.8 7.6 195.4 3.9%
Sep 3, 20180.220.05 4.2 0.1050.052.7 6.60.726.0 660.243.8 7.1 197.2 3.6%
Sep 2, 20180.230.04 4.3 0.1070.062.8 6.70.906.0 660.273.8 7.7 195.4 4.0%
Sep 1, 20180.220.06 4.2 0.1020.072.6 6.40.755.8 620.313.6 7.6 189.2 4.0%

* Adjusted Volume – Volume from spot markets excluding markets with no fees and transaction mining
** All figures given as of 03:00 UTC of the corresponding day
*** This report uses the data of ICOBox, ICOBox Blockchain Research Center (IBRC), and coinmarketcap.com

Table 1.6 gives a list of events, information on which appeared last week, which could impact both the prices of specific cryptocurrencies and the market in general.

Table 1.6. Events that could have an influence on cryptocurrency prices in the future

 

Factors and events

(link to source)

Date of newsDate of event*DescriptionNature of impactType of impact
1.Brazil’s Largest Independent Broker Is Launching a Crypto Exchange

[source: coindesk.com]

September 21, 2018n/aCEO of Grupo XP Guilherme Benchimol has announced that the company simply did not have other choice — the cryptocurrency market is growing at such a pace it is impossible to ignore. The site will support trading in bitcoin and Ethereum.Market ⇑Favorable
2.Investors Await Meeting of American Bank Regulator

[source: cbsnews.com]

September 20, 2018September 25-26This meeting could impact the Dow Jones Industrial Average and, as a result, the capitalization of cryptocurrencies.MarketUncertain
3.Bithumb and Coinone Terminating Fiat Withdrawals for Unverified Crypto Traders

[source: news.bitcoin.com]

September 21, 2018October 1, October 15The possibility to withdraw fiat on Bithumb will be terminated on October 1 for corporate market participants. For individual users this restriction will only come into force on October 15.Market ⇓Unfavorable
4.Ethereum’s Constantinople Hard Fork to Ropsten Testnet in October, No Date for Mainnet Yet

[source: coinjournal.net]

September 17, 2018OctoberEthereum has crossed the lower limit of production under the current hash rate. Due to this, miners interested in fiat have begun blocking their GPU farms or switching them to mine other coins, analysts note. If the fall in the cryptocurrency’s price continues, rewards for blocks will be reduced from 3 ETH to 2 ETH.ETHUncertain
5.Unlocking the Ethereum Bull Code

[source: coingape.com]

September 22, 2018October 30Constantinople is the second part of the two-phase Metropolis hard fork on the Ethereum network.ETHUncertain
6.Ripple Could Launch xRapid Solution ‘In the Next Month or So,’ Says Exec

[source: cointelegraph.com]

September 18, 2018OctoberThe commercial version of the xRapid payment platform might be launched “in the next month or so.”XRP ⇑Favorable
7.Chechnya to Create Mining Pool for Eurasian Economic Union Countries

[source: news.bitcoin.com]

September 23, 2018n/aThe pool is Chechnya’s first step toward creating a full-scale crypto cluster. However, the project start will only be possible after the adoption of laws regulating the activity of cryptocurrencies in Russia.Market ⇑

 

Favorable

 

1.2 Market trends

The weekly cryptocurrency and digital asset market trends from December 31, 2017, to September 23, 2018, are presented as graphs (Fig. 1.1-1.5).

Table 1.7. Legends and descriptions of the graphs

Global FiguresFigure*Description
Total cryptocurrency market capitalization, USD millionFig. 1.1This figure shows cryptocurrency and digital asset market capitalization trends from December 31, 2017.
The rate of market change (as a % to the beginning of 2017)Fig. 1.1This figure shows the % change in cryptocurrency and digital asset market capitalization compared to December 31, 2017.
Change in the market capitalization (in USD million compared to previous period)Fig. 1.2This figure shows the weekly change in USD million (increase or decrease) in cryptocurrency and digital asset market capitalization from December 31, 2017.
The rate of market change (as a % compared to the previous period)Fig. 1.2This figure shows the % of weekly change (increase or decrease) in cryptocurrency and digital asset market capitalization from December 31, 2017.
Number of cryptocurrencies and digital assetsFig. 1.3his figure shows the trends in the increase of the number of cryptocurrencies and digital assets circulating on cryptocurrency exchanges. On January 1, 2017, their number was 617, and as of September 23, 2018, this number had already reached 1,902 (coins and tokens on which there is information on capitalization and/or turnover were considered).
Average market capitalization, USD millionFig. 1.3This figure reflects the growth in the average cryptocurrency and digital asset market capitalization from December 31, 2017, i.e. the ratio between the market capitalization of all cryptocurrencies and digital assets and their number.
Forecast of total cryptocurrency market capitalizationFig. 1.4, 1.5This figure shows the time trend (forecast) change in cryptocurrency and digital asset market capitalization.

* NB! Average daily data are given in the graphs below. For this reason, the figures in the graphs may differ from the data in Table 1.1, where all figures were calculated at 03:00 UTC of the corresponding day. These differences in values may be significant during periods of high cryptocurrency market volatility.
** This report uses the data of ICOBox, ICOBox Blockchain Research Center (IBRC), and coinmarketcap.com

Figure 1.1. Total cryptocurrency market capitalization

* Average daily data (according to the data of coinmarketcap.com)

Figure 1.1 shows a graph of the weekly cryptocurrency market change from December 31, 2017, to September 23, 2018. Over this period, market capitalization dropped from $572.5 billion to $225.9 billion, i.e. by 61%. Last week (September 16-23, 2018) cryptocurrency market capitalization increased from $201.4 billion to $225.9 billion (as of September 23, 2018, based on the average daily figures from coinmarketcap.com).

 Figure 1.2. Change in market capitalization

The market is susceptible to sudden and drastic fluctuations. Nine of the thirteen weeks in the first quarter of 2018 were “in the red,” i.e. capitalization fell based on the results of each of these weeks, and the weekly fluctuations ranged from USD -136 billion to USD +250 billion.

Six of the thirteen weeks in the second quarter were “in the red.” The market grew based on the results of the other seven weeks. As noted earlier, a growth was seen in April, while in May and June there was generally a reduction in capitalization. The weekly fluctuations ranged from USD -72 billion to USD +62.2 billion.

In the third quarter seven of the 12 weeks have seen an increase in capitalization, and five a decrease (with due account of average daily data of coinmarketcap.com, see Fig. 1.2). In July there was an increase of $20 billion, but August saw a decrease of $49 billion. On the whole, since early September capitalization has fallen by approximately $4.1 billion.

Figure 1.3. Number of cryptocurrencies and digital assets

Data source: coinmarketcap.com (coins and tokens on which there is information on capitalization and/or turnover were considered)

Since December 31, 2017, the total number of cryptocurrencies and digital assets presented on coinmarketcap has increased from 1,335 to 1,988. However, when calculating cryptocurrency market capitalization only those coins and tokens on which there is information on trades (trading volume) are taken into consideration. Over the past week their number increased from 1,839 to 1,902, while average capitalization grew to $118.8 million. In total, over the past month 105 new coins and tokens have appeared on coinmarketcap.com. However, it should be noted that a number of other coins and tokens were also excluded from the list. Among the tokens that were added to coinmarketcap.com last week, Eden, Formosa Financial and Concierge Coin showed high trading volumes.

 Figures 1.4 and 1.5. Forecast of total cryptocurrency market capitalization

  • Without question, the stock market and cryptocurrency market, as two financial mechanisms, influence one another, although the scale of the cryptocurrency market is much smaller. According to many expert assessments, the connection is direct, a fact that is confirmed by:
  • the results of the in-depth analysis (Virtual Currencies and the Central Bank’s Monetary Policy: Challenges Ahead) provided by the European Parliament. According to this report, the crypto industry has had a positive effect on global transactions.
  • and the changes in key indices. In particular, the corresponding changes in the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) and the bitcoin price at the beginning of the year allow us to talk of the existence of a certain relationship.
  • We remind you that during trading on February 5, 2018, the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell by almost 1,200 points, a largest one-day drop in history. Of course, the cryptocurrency market is much more volatile than the stock market. For example, from January 30 to February 12 the bitcoin price decreased by 24.12%, while the DJIA fell by 7.39%. However, such a fall is very significant for the stock market.

The drop in the Dow Jones index was most notable on February 5-6, 2018, which is attributed to possibility of a growth in the key interest rate. On February 2, 2018, the US Department of Labor issued statistics on employment and wages that exceeded expectations. The published data could attest to an increase in consumer spending and have an effect on inflation. In this case, to counteract possible inflation the American Federal Reserve System would be forced to raise interest rates. The risk of an increase in interest rates is enough to seriously impact the behavior of investors, who in such cases usually try to lock in their profits.

  • Last Friday, September 21, the Dow Jones Industrial Average increased, reaching an all-time high for the second day in a row.

As we watched, the cryptocurrency market and market capitalization jumped over the course of one day by nearly $25 billion on September 21.

  • Now investors are awaiting a meeting of the American bank regulator, which is scheduled for September 25-26. Most analysts forecast an increase in rates at the upcoming meeting to 2-2.25%, from the current level of 1.75-2%. The regulator is also expected to reveal information on the growth of interest rates in 2020 and 2021. At the same time, China has announced that it will introduce symmetrical increases in import duties on more than 5.2 thousand American goods worth $60 billion starting from September 24 in response to the new duties imposed by the USA.

In any case, one can anticipate heightened activity on both stock markets and the cryptocurrency market on September 25-26.

Annex – Glossary

Key termsDefinition
Market capitalizationValue of an asset calculated based on its current market (exchange) price. This economic indicator is used to assess the total aggregate value of market instruments, players, and markets. [Source: Wikipedia].
Cryptocurrency market capitalizationThe market value of an individual coin or token circulating on the market.
Total cryptocurrency market capitalizationThe market capitalization of cryptocurrencies and digital assets, i.e. the aggregate market value of cryptocurrencies and digital assets (coins and tokens) circulating on the market.
DominanceMarket share, i.e. the ratio of market capitalization of a particular cryptocurrency (coin, token) to total cryptocurrency market capitalization. Expressed as a %.
Not Mineable

 

A coin that is not mineable. The term is used for cryptocurrencies (coins, tokens) which cannot be mined or issued through mining.
Pre-minedA pre-mined coin. The term is used for cryptocurrencies (coins, tokens) which are issued through mining, and a certain number of coins (tokens) have been created and distributed among certain users at the start of the project.
The rate of market increase (as a % compared to the beginning of the year)The rate of market increase (as a % compared to the start of the year), i.e. by how many % points did market capitalization increase compared to the start of the year.
The growth rate of the market (as a % to the beginning of the year)The rate of market growth (as a % compared to the start of the year), i.e. by how many times did market capitalization grow compared to the start of the year.
Increase in market capitalization (in USD million compared to the previous period)Increase in cryptocurrency and digital asset market capitalization (in USD million compared to the previous period), i.e. by how many USD million did market capitalization increase over the period.
The rate of market increase (as a % compared to the previous period)The rate of market increase (as a % compared to the previous period), i.e. by how many % points did market capitalization increase over the period.
The market growth rate (as a % compared to the previous period)The market growth rate (as a % compared to the previous period), i.e. by how many times did market capitalization grow compared to the previous period.
Number of cryptocurrencies and digital assetsNumber of cryptocurrencies and digital assets. At the beginning of 2018 over 1,300 cryptocurrencies and digital assets (coins and tokens) were circulating on the market.
Average market capitalizationAverage market capitalization, i.e. the ratio of the market capitalization of all cryptocurrencies and digital assets to their number.
ZAK-n Crypto indexThe index is calculated as a percentage and represents a ratio between the trading volume (transactions) on cryptocurrency exchanges per day (Volume 24h) for n dominant cryptocurrencies to their total market capitalization.

ZAK-4 Crypto index calculations include four dominant cryptocurrencies with the greatest market capitalization: Bitcoin, Ethereum, Bitcoin Cash, and Ripple.

ZAK-8 Crypto index calculations include the trading volume and market capitalization for eight cryptocurrencies.


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